Mexico Public Holidays
Mexico celebrates a number of public holidays each year. Statutory holidays are legislated at a Federal level and dates given as a holiday by statute are termed locally as Dias Feriados. There are currently ten statutory holidays in Mexico.
Statutory Public Holiday Dates in Mexico
Statutory holidays are dates decreed as national holidays for all workers in Mexico. There are currently ten statutory holiday dates in Mexico, as follows:
Aņo Nuevo: New Year's Day. Banks, offices and factories remain closed.
Dia de la Constitucion: This day celebrates the promulgation of the country's 1917 Constitution The date is observed on the first Monday in February.
Cumpleaņos de Benito Juarez. The birth date of Benito Juarez, Mexico's first and most revered President, is celebrated with a public holiday. The date is observed on the first Monday in March.
Semana de Pascua: Easter week holidays vary depending on each year: consult your calendar for details. In Mexico, Maundy Thursday and Good Friday are designated public holidays.
Dia del Trabajo: Mexico, like many other industrialized countries, Mexico celebrates Labor Day on May 1 every year, commemorating the advent of worker's unions. All banks and offices close, but most shopping centers remain open for business.
Dia de la Independencia: This date commemorates the date when Father Miguel Hidalgo made his 'cry for independence' on September 16, 1810 in the town of Dolores Hidalgo -- an event that ultimately led to Mexico's independence from Spanish rule. Independence celebrations take place on the evening of September 15; September 16 is a public holiday.
Dia de la Revolucion: November 20 commemorates the start date of Mexico's 1910 revolution, led by Francisco I. Madero. The date is observed on the third Monday in November.
Transmision del Poder Ejecutivo Federal: Mexico's Federal Government and Presidency returns for re-election every six years. On the date of transition, which is December 1 every six years, Mexico observes a public holiday. The next holiday is due to be observed on December 1, 2012.
Dia de Navidad: Christmas Day is observed with a public holiday in Mexico.
Civic Holidays in Mexico
In addition to the national holidays decreed by statute, Mexico observes a number of other Civic Holidays. These are not holidays although some states and municipalities may observe them and offer workers time off in their locale.
Dia del Ejercito: Army Day, also known as Dia de la Lealtad (Day of Loyalty), commemorates the day when President Madero was escorted to the National Palace by cadets of the nation's military college.
Dia de la Bandera: Flag Day was introduced by President Lazaro Cardenas, a man best known for having nationalized Mexican oil reserves in the 1930's. The day commemorates Mexico's current flag as well as previous ones. Schools often get children to undertake flag research projects for presentation on this day.
Anniversario de la Expropriacion Petrolera: This day commemorates the day in 1938 when President Lazaro Cardenas expropriated all oil reserves and declared oil a strategic Mexican national asset.
Heroica Defensa de Veracruz: The Herioc Defense of Veracruz, commemorates the USA's occupation of Veracruz in 1914.
Batalla de Puebla: The Battle of Puebla, or more commonly referred to as simply Cinco de Mayo, is observed as a public holiday in the state of Puebla, but nowhere else in Mexico. The date commemorates the victory of a small Mexican army against a French army double the size on May 5, 1862. The French re-took the city a year later and soon after installed Emperor Maximilian in 1864. The date is far more widely celebrated by people in the USA than in Mexico itself; possibly due to beer and liquor companies aligning themselves with the date as part of their US marketing. The date is sometimes mistakenly associated with Mexico's Independence, which is September 16.May 8
Cumpleaņos de Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla: Miguel Hidalgo is known as the "Father of Mexican Independence". Although he and his conspirators were captured and executed by the Spanish for their insurgency against the Spanish Crown, his movement gave inspiration and created a political vacuum that eventually led to Mexico's independence from Spain and, alongside Ignacio Allende and Jose Maria Morelos, is a revered personality in Mexico's independence history.June 1
Dia de la Marina. Mexico's Navy Day: acknowledging the nation's maritime service men and women. The day is commemorated with various military parades.September 13
ia de los Niņos Heroes. "Boy Heroes" (or Cadet Heroes): This day commemorates the events which took place at the Battle of Chapultepec, in modern-day Mexico City. The battle, which took place during the Mexican American war in 1847, gave victory to US troops over Mexican forces defending Chapultepec Castle. According to military records, six cadets refused to fall back as the superior US forces moved to take the castle; choosing to fight to the death; the last of the six is said to have wrapped himself in a flag and jumped from the castle point. The event is also commemorated in a permanent monument of six pillars, which stands at the foot of the castle near the capital's principal boulevard, Paseo de la Reforma.September 27
Consumacion de la Independencia: Consummation of Independence; this date marks the end of the War of Independence, eleven years after Miguel Hidalgo's 'cry for independence'.September 30
Cumpleaņos de Jose Maria Morelos y Pavon: Birth date of Jose Maria Morelos, a general in the armed struggle for independence who took up leadership of the rebellion following the execution of Miguel Hidalgo. Jose Maria Morelos was captured and executed by the Spanish for treason in 1815. Following the execution his Lieutenant, Vicente Guerrero, continued the armed struggle against the Spaniards for Mexican independence. The city of Valladolid was later renamed in his honor to present-day Morelia.October 12
Dia de La Raza. Columbus Day: commemorates the Discovery of the New World by the Italian navigator, Christopher Columbus
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