Turkish Airlines (TK) provides an
important network of domestic flights from Istanbul, Ankara, Adana,
Antalya, Dalaman, Izmir and Trabzon to all of the major Turkish cities.
Turkish Airlines is the major carrier within the country. Istanbul is
usually the final destination for international flights, and the hub for
Turkish Airlines, offering domestic flights to all operating airports
in the country.
Trains have declined in popularity in
Turkey, losing the competition to buses and airplanes.Many trains of the
Turkish Railways (TCDD) have sleeping cars, couchettes and restaurant
cars. Some are now air-conditioned. Fares are comparatively low, but are
more expensive for express trains. Discounts of 20% are available for
students (though a Turkish student card may be required), groups,
round-trips and passengers over 60. Children aged seven and under travel
free. Tickets can be purchased at TCDD offices at railway stations and
TCDD-appointed agents. The journey from Istanbul to Ankara takes five to
nine hours, depending on the type of train. The newest development in
the railways is the Fast Train project from Istanbul to Ankara. This,
along with the undersea railway tunnel in Bosphorus called Marmaray will
enable travelers to reach Ankara from Istanbul in about three and a
half hours from European side of Istanbul and for slightly less travel
time from the Anatolian side. Train lines within Turkey and to foreign
countries can be found at Turkish State Railways.
has a fairly decent network of highways connecting every corner of the
country. Bus and minibus transportation system is casual, and easy to
figure out.Bus is the main public transportation mean in Turkey. It is
cheap and frequent. The cost is about 4-8 USD (3-6 Euros) per 100
kilometers depending on the itinerary and the bus company. Since the bus
market is very competitive and effective price reflects quality of
service and the type of bus. Many private bus companies provide frequent
day and night services between all Turkish cities. Thousands of modern,
luxurious buses roar between Turkish cities and towns daily services are
often faster and less expensive than trains. Tickets are sold at the
bus companies' branch offices either at bus stations or in town centres.
A dolmus is a shared taxi which follows specific
routes and is recognizable by its yellow band and operates between set
points at a set fare. The dolmus provides services within large cities
to suburbs, airports and often to neighbouring towns. They depart as the
vehicle is full. Public transportation is inexpensive and convenient,
but usually crowded, especially during rush hour traffic. It may be
complicated though, as when you take the municipal busses, it is hard to
tell where you are heading and where to get off.
chauffeur-driven and self-drive cars are available in all large towns.
All international companies are represented. Traffic drives on the
right. Drivers must have a valid driving licence or an International
Driving Permit is required for visits of over three months. Green Card
International Insurance, endorsed for Turkish territory in both Europe
and Asia, and Turkish third-party insurance are also required.
are many types of taxi, share-taxi and minibus in operation. Taxis are
numerous in all Turkish cities and towns and are recognizable by their
chequered black and yellow bands. Metered taxis are available. For
longer journeys, the fare should be agreed on before departing. Each
passenger pays according to the distance travelled to specific stops.
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