There are no vaccination requirements,
although a typhoid vaccine is recommended for all travellers, unless
coming for a short period and only eating in major hotels and
restaurants (e.g. business travellers or cruise ship passengers). There
is a risk of malaria in the south-eastern part of the country, but not
in the main tourist areas in the west and south-west of the country,
although mosquitoes can still be an irritation in summer. Most tap water
in the larger towns and cities has been chlorinated, but bottled water
is still recommended for drinking. Food from street vendors should be
treated with caution. Medical facilities and standard of health care are
not high in state hospitals and private health insurance is
recommended. Modern facilities exist in private hospitals in Ankara and
Vaccinations: Recommended and Routine
Hepatitis A: Recommended for all travelers >1 year of age not previously immunized against hepatitis A.
B: Recommended for all non-immune travelers who might be exposed to
infected blood or body fluids from unprotected sex; from injecting drug
use with shared/re-used needles and syringes; from medical treatment
with non-sterile (re-used) needles and syringes; from unscreened blood
transfusions; from contact with open skin sores. Recommended for any
traveler requesting protection against hepatitis B infection.
Vaccination recommended for all travelers >6 months of age who have
not received a flu shot in the previous 12 months.
one-time dose of IPV vaccine is recommended for any traveler >age 18
who completed the primary childhood series but never received an
additional dose of polio vaccine as an adult. Available data do not
indicate the need for more than a single lifetime booster dose with IPV
(Inactivated Polio Vaccine).
Rabies: Recommended for travelers
spending time outdoors in rural areas where there is an increased the
risk of animal bites. Children are considered at higher risk because
they tend to play with animals and may not report bites. Pre-exposure
vaccination eliminates the need for rabies immune globulin in the event
of a high-risk animal bite, but does not eliminate the need for
treatment with the vaccine.
Routine Immunizations: Immunizations
against tetanus-diphtheria, measles, mumps, rubella (MMR vaccine) and
varicella (chickenpox) should be updated, if necessary, before
departure. MMR protection is especially important for any female of
childbearing age who may become pregnant.
Recommended for all travelers with the exception of short-term visitors
who restrict their meals to major restaurants and hotels, such as
business travelers and cruise passengers.
Yellow Fever Vaccination
Malaria exists in Southeast Anatolia from the coastal city of Mersin to the Iraqi border (Cukorova/Amikova areas)
has a large health sector with high-standard private health-care
available at reasonable cost in the main cities. Many Turkish doctors
and dentists speak a foreign language, particularly at major hospitals.
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