Lhasa, is capital of China's Tibet Autonomous Region.
It has a history of more than 1,300 years a political, economic,
cultural and transport center of the region. Lhasa has an area of 30,000
square km with a population of 400,000. Lhasa is home to the Tibetan,
Han as well as other ethnic groups, but the Tibetan ethnic group makes
up about 80 percent of the total population.
in the northern part of Tibet, Nakchu Region leaves a strong impression
to visitors by its vast Qiangtang Grassland and no man's land. Though
being a wild place with small population and the weather condition is
not so satisfactory, its unique charm and magnificent view are also the
reason why people come here. What's more, in this mysterious land, much
wildlife under first national protection inhabit, adding some vitality
to the land.
Located on the Red Hill of
Lhasa, it is the symbol of the city, known to the world for its grand
constructions, elegant buildings, exquisite artworks and pious religious
The Potala Palace is 117 meters high atop the Red Hill
in Lhasa. It was built over 1,300 years ago in the 7th century. The
13-story palace, the world's highest, is more than 3,700 meters above
sea level and is a rare showcase of traditional Tibetan architecture.
At the center of the
old Lhasa, Jokhang Temple is the spiritual center of Tibet.Jokhang
Temple The Jokhang Temple is one of Lhasa's holiest shrines, first
built in 647 A.D. in celebration of the marriage of the Tang Princess
Wencheng and the Tubo King Songtsen Gampo. Located in the center of old
Lhasa, the temple was set up by craftsmen from Tibet, China, and Nepal
and hence the different architectural styles.
also named as Baghor, is the oldest street in Lhasa,encircling the
circular street of the Jokhang Temple, a distance of 500 m. In the past,
it was only a circumambulation circuit, ¡°a holy road¡± in the eyes of
Tibetan. Now it¡¯s also a shopping center with nation characteristics.
It¡¯s an old district with colorful Tibetan features. Bakhor Street
Monastery The Drepung Monastery is situated in the hillside of
Gambo Utse Mountain 5 kilometers northwest to Lhasa City. The monastery
was first built in 1416 by a disciple of Tsong Khapa under the patronage
of a noble family and later widened by the Fifth Dalai Lama. The
second, third and forth Dalai Lama once lived here.
was built in 1419 by a pupil of Tsongkhapa. It is located on the
southern slope of the Serawoze Mountain in the northern suburbs of
Lhasa. It is one of the three big monasteries in Lhasa. Each year it
will hold the grand Sera Bungchen, which attracts Buddhists from all
over the world. Sera Monastery
Monastery It is a park first used as a bathing place by the 7th
Dalai Lama in mid-18th century. It later turned into to be the summer
palace for the Dalai Lama in the beginning and mid-20th century. The
summer palace of the 14th Dalai Lama attracts most visitors by its
well-designed structure and surroundings.
Monastery was founded near Lhasa in Tibet by Tsongkhapa in 1409 as the
first and main Gelug monastery. Ganden Monastery is about 45 kilometers
from Lhasa. This monastery mainly has the Coqen Hall, Tri Thok Khang,
Serdhung, Zhacangs, Khangtsens and Myicuns.
Museum Tibet Museum is located at the southeast corner of the
Norbulingka Road in Lhasa. It is the first large-sized comprehensive
modern museum in the Tibet Autonomous Region; it is a brilliant literary
and arts palace of the Tibetan people, a gem of Tibetan civilization
and a treasure house of Tibetan cultural relics.
is the most hot springs of China , world-famous for its spectacular
phenomenon of hot springs boiling on the cold plateau, features all
kinds of hot springs including highest-temperature hot springs, boiling
springs and geysers as well as common hot springs, the area of which
totals more than 7,000 square meters.
Namtso Namtso lake, the second largest salt lake in Tibet, is held
as "the heavenly lake" in northern Tibet. Namtso is respected as one of
the four holiest lakes and the seat of Paramasukha Chakrasamvara by
Buddhist pilgrims. Buddhists believe Buddhas, Bodhisattvas and Vajras
will assemble to hold religious meeting at Namtso in the year of sheep
on Tibetan calendar.
Situated in the alluvial
plain at the confluence of Brahmaputra and Nianchuhe rivers, Shigatse is
about 270 kilometers west to Lhasa. It is on an elevation of 3,800
meters with the area of 3,875 square kilometers. it has the population
of 820,000,the second biggest city in Tibet.
Monastery To the west city of Shigatse, you can find the gold roof
of Tashilunpo Monastery glittering under the sunshine. It still remain
its original vigor through past 5 hundred years. Tashilhunpo Monastery
is one of the Six Big Monasteries of Gelugpa (or Yellow Hat Sect) in
China and the biggest Tibetan Gelugpa Buddhism monastery in back Tibet
Sakya Monastery is well known as
the "Second Dunhuang", also the first Sakyapa sect of Tibetan Buddhism
created by its initiator Khon Konchog Gyalpo in 1073. Sakyapa grew and
once ruled Tibet and lived there. The monastery located in Sakya
Country, 130 kilometers (80 miles) southwest of Shigatse. Sakya
Tsetang is about 189 km south-east of
Lhasa, the third largest in Tibet. It is the capital of Shannan
Prefecture and an important administrative center. It is located on the
south bank in the middle section of the Yarlung Tsangbo River. The
nearby Yarlung River scenic area is a national scenic park with Samye
Monastery, Yumbu Lhakang Palace, burial site for Tsampos and Traduk
Monastery highlighting the region.
Monastery It is the first monastery ever set up in Tibet. It was
first founded by the Tibetan King Trisiong Desen. It belongs to the
Nyingmapa and Skayapa sects. The construction has the three styles,
namely the Chinese Han, the Tibetan and the Indian.
also called¡°palace of mother and son¡±in Tibetan dialect, is the first
palace ever built in Tibet. It has a history of over 2,000 years.
Acording to the history it was first built for Nyatri Tsanpo, the first
Tibetan King. Later it became the summer palace of Songtsan Gampo and
Princess Wencheng. Yumbulagang Palace
Monastery About 7km south of the Tsetang Hotel, Trandruk is one of
the earliest Buddhist monasteries in Tibet, which dates back to the same
time as the Jokhang and Ramoche in Lhasa., the 7th century reign of
Songtsen Gampo. It is one of the Demoness Subduing temples of Tibet.
is located in the Nyang Chu valley 254km south-west of Lhasa and 90 km
west of Yamdrok Yumtse Lake. It is the 4th largest town in Tibet.
Gyantse is famous for its woolen carpets. It is considered among the
finest in all of Tibet.
Dzong Fort is the
former location of Gyantse local government in old Tibet. Four steles
set up by the high-rank commissioners dispatched by the emperor Qianlong
of the Qing Dynasty are still kept in good order for extremely precious
value as the historical cultural relics. Dzong Fort is also the old
battle field between British army and local army men and civilians in
1904. Dzong Fort
Kumbum Stupa The
Kumbum, the only Nepalese-style stupa in Tibet, is located in the Pelkor
Chode Monastery in Gyangtse. The stupa has numerous chapels dedicated
to various Buddhist deities.
The Pelkor Chode Monastery:
built in 1418, Pelkor Chode was once a multidenominational complex of
monasteries. The best way to get the feeling of the original extent of
Pelkor Chode is to see it from the Gyantse Dzong. Pelkor Chode Monastery
is a dark, gloomy place and if you want to have a good look at the
various murals and Thangkas, it is a good idea to take a torch. The
Pelkor Chode Monastery
To west of Tibet
stands Mt Kailash which is the most holy mountain in Asia. It is prayed
by Buddhists, Hindus. Mt Kailash is an important place for Buddhist and
Hindu pilgrims who make a trip of a 53km circuit around the mountain.
Buddhists and Hindus circumambulate clockwise. To circumambulate once is
said to wipe off the life-time crimes. The mountain itself is 6714m
high above sea-level.
Lies at the border
between China and Nepal, Mt. Everest, also known as Mt. Qomolangma,
meaning Mother Goddess of the Universe in Tibetan, is the highest peak
in the world. High as 8848.13 meters in the middle place of the Himalaya
in Tingri County, Shigatse, Quomolangma is covered with snow and
glaciers. Everest area has four peaks above 8000 meters and over 30
peaks above 7000 meter, hence the Third Pole on the Earth.
Region is located in the upper reaches of Lancang River and in the
eastern part of Tibet. In Tibetan, "Chamdo" means water confluence as
this place is the confluence of four rivers (Sequ River, Zhaqu River,
Angqu River and Lancang River). Due to its old civilization, pious
religion beliefs, long history, and unsophisticated folkways, Chamdo
Region has attracted an increasing number of scientists, visitors and
Mountaineers every year.
Located in the
northern part of Tibet, Nakchu Region leaves a strong impression to
visitors by its vast Qiangtang Grassland and no man's land. Though being
a wild place with small population and the weather condition is not so
satisfactory, its unique charm and magnificent view are also the reason
why people come here. What's more, in this mysterious land, much
wildlife under first national protection inhabit, adding some vitality
to the land.
Heavenly Lake Namtso:
Located near Damxung, it is the highest saltwater lake in the world and the second largest saltwater lake in China.
in the extreme western Tibet, Nagri Region stands at the highest part
of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Because of the high altitude, the land is
severe cold dotted by continuous stretch of snow mountains. Though the
color of it remains unchanged white, the celestial and extraordinary
snow-capped landscape irresistibly attract the braves to conquer and to
seek the beauty of wildness.
Yarlong Tsangpo River:
in the eastern part of Tibet, Nyingchi has long been known as "theSouth
of Yangtze River in Tibet" due to its beautiful scenery. Unlike other
landscapein Tibet, Nyingchi Region is rich in forest scenes and natural
resources. Variousplants growing in different climatic zones can be
found here, such as bananatrees, palm trees and snow lotus. Its thick
forest is densely wooded by Tibetancypress, tree fern and Himalayan Fir,
which makes the land worthy of the title "Natural Green Gene Pool" and
"Natural Nature Museum".
Yarlong Tsangpo River:
Originating from a glacier on the northern Himalayas, it is the highest river in the world.
in the western part of Tibet, Shannan Region is believed to be the
richest region only because of its culture. It is the cradle of Tibetan
people and the birthplace of their culture. It has countless historical
and cultural relics, and has born many celebrities in history that made
great contribution to Tibet. Moreover, the natural scenery here is
Situated in Dranang, Samye Monastery was completed in 779 under the patron of Trisong Detsen.
Yamdrok Yumtso Lake:
Yumtso (or Yamdrok-tso) is, one of the three holiest lakes in Tibet,
lies at Nhagartse, located about 100 kilometers (62 miles) to the
southwest of Lhasa.
Located in southern
Tibet, Shigatse is one of the most attractive tourist resorts in
Tibet.It start at the foot of the northern slope of the Himalayas,and it
ends with fertile farmland, vast grassy meadow, wooded forest and snow
mountains. Moreover, the old civilization and magnificent temple
architectures are the other reason for visitors to come here.
Lies 2 kilometer west of Shigatse city, the monastery is a very influential monastery in Tibet.
Zhangmu (7000 ft.):
Nepali, this place is called Khasa. For Tibetan. better known by the
name of Dram. Zhangmu is a small settlement clinging to a hillside 10
Kms. from the Friendship Bridge that crosses the Bhotekoshi river.
Zhangmu has become the major trading point between Tibet and Nepal. The
climate is quite different from the hinterland. The hills around Zhangmu
are heavily wooded with many waterfalls in summer and impressive ice
formations in winter. It has a bank, a post office, a government store,
and is presently undergoing a construction boom to meet the demands of
trade and tourism.
Nyalamu (12200 ft.);
Known as 'Kuti' to
Nepalese traders, Nyalamu used to be an important trade centre.
Now-a-days, barrack style Chinese communes surround the typical old flat
roofed, mud-brick houses. Although vegetation is sparse, one can see an
abundance of alpine fauna on the hillside during the summer months.
Tingri (old) (14100 ft.):
is an old Tibetan settlement with typical clustered Tibetan styled
housing at the foot of small hillock. A short exploration in the
settlement can expose you to a typical remote Tibetan lifestyle. Right
from the roadside of Tingri, you can see the MT EVEREST towards the
Xegar (New Tingri) (13800 ft.):
Chinese commune built at the foot of the ruins of Xegar Dzong, 7 kms.
from the main road. With a population of 3000, it is the centre of this
large and remote area and a base from which expeditions to Mt. Everest
and other peaks are launched.
Lhatse (13100 ft.):
situated where a main Tibetan road turns westwards towards Mt. Kailash
and Mansarovar Lake. During the short summer season, the whole valley is
covered with green barely fields and bright yellow mustard meadows. It
is a welcome change after the barren lands of the Tibetan plateau. There
is also a small, hot spring located a few kilometers away.
Xigatse - The Estate that Fulfils One's Wishes (12600 ft.):
is situated between 29o 02'N and 88o 08'E in the southwest of the Tibet
Autonomous Region where Nyangchu River joins the Yarlung Tsangpo River.
Shigatse is the second biggest town in Tibet and it is the center of
transportation and distribution of agriculture and husbandry products
from the southeastern part of Tibet. "Shigatse" in Tibetan means the
"Estate that fulfills one's Wishes."
Monastery is the biggest Gelugpa monastery in the Tsang region of
Tibet. It is located in the town of Sigatse and was founded by Gedun
Drup, a disciple of Tsongkapa, the founder of the Gelungpa Sect. Gedun
Drup is recognized as the first Dalai Lama. It was first built in 1447
and continuously expanded by the successive Panchen Lamas. The Ngagpa
College (Tantric College), one of its four monastic colleges, is the
residence of the Panchen lamas. The most amazing image in this monastery
is the statue of the giant Maitreya (Future Buddha) erected by the 9th
Panchen Lama in 1914. It took four years to build this monumental statue
which stands twenty six meters high and is composed of 275 Kg. of solid
gold, and a great quantity of precious things such as pearls,
turquoise, coral and amber. The 4th Panchen Lama's funeral stupa was
built in 1662 and it stands eleven meters high and is covered in solid
gold and silver.
Gyantse (13050 ft.):
A small agricultural
town famous for its wool carpets and the Phalkor Choide Chorten,
Gyantse lies between a monastery and fort. This unique structure, built
in 1414, consists of five stories representing the five steps to
enlightenment, and is topped by thirteen rings which symbolize the
stages of advancement towards Buddhahood. There are 108 halls inside,
each with frescoes and Buddha Shrines.
in Gyantse and founded jointly by Kedup Je of the Gelugpa Sect and
Rabten Kunsang of the Sakyapa Sect in 1418, the Phalkor Monastery has a
special influence over Tibet's Buddhism owing to its unification of
three different sects, the Gelugpa, the Sakyapa and Bhuton Sects, in a
single monastery. The famous Kumbum pagoda, built in collaboration with
Newari artists from Nepal & Tibetan artists, also stands in the same
courtyard with nine story's, 108 doors and 77 chapels containing clay
sculptures and various murals. The pagoda is said to have 100,000
images, either sculptured or painted, this is the reason for its name
"100,000 Image Pagoda".
Yamadroke Lake - The Sacred Lake (14300 ft.):
Lake is one of the biggest and beautiful lakes in Tibet. We pass by
this lake with about 2 hours drive along its bank. Yamadroke means
torquise in Tibetan language. In fact, the lake looks exactly as
beautiful as torquise blue during the good weather days. This freshwater
lake, unlike other Tibetan lakes, is sweet and non-saline, extending
for 624 sq. km., in the shape of two pincers of a large scorpion. You
can have a short stop on its bank and enjoy photography here.
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