Although vaccines or drugs are available to protect against some important vector-borne diseases such as yellow fever and malaria, travelers still should be advised to use repellents and other general protective measures against biting arthropods.
CDC recommends the use of products containing active ingredients that have been registered by the U.S. For efficacy and human safety when applied according to the instructions written on the label.
General Protective Measures
- Avoid outbreaks: known foci of epidemic disease transmission should be avoided by travelers.
- Be aware of peak exposure times and places: Exposure to arthropod bites may be reduced if travelers change their patterns of activity. Although mosquitoes may bite at any time of the day.
- Wear sufficient clothing: Travelers can minimize areas of exposed skin by wearing long-sleeved cloths, boots, and hats. Wearing socks and closed shoes instead of sandals may reduce risk.
- Check for ticks: Travelers should be advised to inspect themselves and their clothing for ticks during outdoor activity and at the end of the day.
- Bed nets: When accommodations are not air conditioned, bed nets are necessary to provide protection and to reduce discomfort caused by biting insects.
- Insecticides: Aerosol insecticides, vaporizing mats and mosquito coils can help to clear rooms or areas of mosquitoes.
Repellents should be purchased before traveling. A wider variety of repellents can be found in camping, sporting goods, and military surplus stores. When purchasing repellents overseas, look for the EPA-registered active ingredients on the product labels.Medical Facilities
In Lhasa, the best facilities are at the Military Hospital, but this place is not usually accessible to tourists. The People’s Hospital has an emergency centre, but no mechanism for dealing with seriously injured people. An Italian NGO has been supplying equipment and training at the People’s Hospital. Costs for foreigners staying at the People’s Hospitalin Lhasa can be very high, and payment may be expected in Chinese cash (travellers cheques will probably not be accepted, and nor will credit cards).
The nearest places in China for good medical attention are Chengdu (a hospital can run $120 a day for foreigners), Hong Kong (even more expensive), and in major cities like Beijing and Shanghai.What to where:
Wear sufficient clothing: Travelers can minimize areas of exposed skin by wearing long-sleeved cloths, boots, and hats. Wearing socks and closed shoes instead of sandals may reduce risk.Insect And Tick Protaction:
Check for ticks: Travelers should be advised to inspect themselves and their clothing for ticks during outdoor activity and at the end of the day.Insect And Tick Protaction:
Tick protaction is a combination of chemical and non-chemical control methods. Chemical elimination of ticks includes insecticide sprays and insecticide dusts. Non-chemical Control of Ticks
Non-chemical tick control procedures should be implemented along with chemical control methods. These non-chemical control measures will greatly reduce tick problems. Keeping grass and weeds cut short in tick infested areas increases tick desiccation during hot weather, discourages alternative hosts and lessens the amount of plant material which may need a pesticide application to kill ticks.
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